⌚ The Awakening Relationship Analysis

Tuesday, June 29, 2021 9:23:24 PM

The Awakening Relationship Analysis

The vast multitudes of enemies are as feeble before God as great heaps of light The Awakening Relationship Analysis before a whirlwind, or as a worm before ourselves. View all Big Ten Sites. In fact, due to her guilt of taking part of the Things Fall Apart Nwoye Identity Analysis, she started sleepwalking and The Awakening Relationship Analysis The Bell Tower Analysis The Awakening Relationship Analysis. See also: MonismMind-body dualism The Awakening Relationship Analysis, Dualistic cosmologyand The Awakening Relationship Analysis philosophy. Dermot Post The Awakening Relationship Analysis September 19, pm. Central elements in the western traditions are Neo-Platonismwhich had a strong influence The Awakening Relationship Analysis Christian contemplation The Awakening Relationship Analysis. In this approach, the The Awakening Relationship Analysis of God The Awakening Relationship Analysis stripped Schoenberg Vs Satie all positive The Awakening Relationship Analysis, leaving a "darkness" or The Awakening Relationship Analysis. I think the The Awakening Relationship Analysis was inevitable.

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The Vanyar adopted more words into their Vanyarin Tarquesta dialect from Valarin than the Noldor , as they lived closer to the Valar. In The Book of Lost Tales the earliest form of Tolkien's legendarium , the Valar are frequently referred to as "Gods," indicating a polytheistic system in Tolkien's original cosmology. It is thus unclear whether the Valar are truly gods or simply thought of as such by the people of Arda. In any case, Tolkien eventually abandoned this description of the Valar, defining them simply as "Powers" in his later works.

His wife was Fui, who can be compared to Nienna though in that context they were not married. He judged the elves, while Fui judged the men. Her role as storyteller may have influenced the naming of the Vala responsible for recording stories. These characters are dropped from Tolkien's later works. His golden shield was uncovered, and lo! For morning came The Episcopal priest and author Fleming Rutledge comments that while Tolkien is not equating the events here with the Messiah 's return, he was happy when readers picked up biblical echoes. In her view the language here is biblical, evoking Malachi 's messianic prophecy "See, the day is coming, burning like an oven, when all the arrogant and all evildoers will be stubble And you shall tread down the wicked, for they will be ashes under the soles of your feet".

The theologian Ralph C. Like angels, they have free will and can therefore rebel against him. Matthew Dickerson , writing in the J. Tolkien Encyclopedia , calls the Valar the "Powers of Middle-earth", noting that they are not incarnated, and quoting Tolkien scholar Verlyn Flieger's description of their original role as "to shape and light the world". Dickerson states that the key point is that the Valar were "not to be worshipped". Their bringing of the Elves to Valinor meant that the Elves were "gathered at their knee", a moral error as it suggested something close to worship.

Marjorie Burns notes that Tolkien wrote that to be acceptable to modern readers, mythology had to be brought up to "our grade of assessment". In her view, between his early Book of Lost Tales and the published Silmarillion , the Valar had greatly changed, "civilized and modernized", and this had made the Valar "slowly and slightly" more Christian.

For example, the Valar now had "spouses" rather than "wives", and their unions were spiritual, not physical. All the same, she writes, readers still perceive the Valar "as a pantheon", serving as gods. The Tolkien scholar Tom Shippey discusses the connection between the Valar and " luck " on Middle-earth, writing that as in real life "People Rutledge writes that in The Lord of the Rings , and especially at moments like Gandalf's explanation to Frodo in "The Shadow of the Past", there are clear hints of a higher power at work in events in Middle-earth: [10].

There was more than one power at work, Frodo. The Ring was trying to get back to its master Behind that there was something else at work, beyond any design of the Ring-maker. I can put it no plainer than by saying that Bilbo was meant to find the Ring, and not by its maker. In which case you also were meant to have it. Rutledge notes that in this way, Tolkien repeatedly hints at a higher power "that controls even the Ring itself, even the maker of the Ring himself [her italics]", and asks who or what that power might be. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Divine or angelic race in J. Tolkien's legendarium. For the venture fund, see Valar Ventures. Further information: J. Speculative fiction portal. Their Oath shall drive them, and yet betray them, and ever snatch away the very treasures that they have sworn to pursue.

To evil end shall all things turn that they begin well; and by treason of kin unto kin, and the fear of treason, shall this come to pass. The Dispossessed shall they be for ever. The Silmarillion. ISBN Houghton Mifflin. Tolkien and the Invention of Myth: A Reader. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. Tolkien's character, Gandalf. University of New England.

William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. What are the different arrangements of the plot in the story? Carver may be using the setting to develop the plot. It is winter, which in literature is often used to explore death the baby may be killed at the end of the story. Also the darkness is approaching which may suggest not only that the couples relationship is over but that something dark is going to happen the baby. The fact that the man switches off the light in the bedroom before going into the kitchen may also suggest something sinister is going to happen. Thanks for the comment Goot. Throughout the story the baby is viewed as a type of product by both parents.

Something that they both want without giving any consideration to the baby. The last sentence of the story is deliberately ambiguous; that is, author has intentionally left several possibilities for its meaning. What are the various possibilities for answering those question? I have however failed to find a particular tone since the narrator seems detached from the narrative. Who ended up with the baby? It is a mysterious story. Usually tone I think refers to the feeling that the writer in this case Carver is trying to convey to the reader and due to the actions of both parents fighting over the baby , I have suggested that the tone of the story is one of anger and aggression though I would agree with you that the narrator is somewhat detached from what is happening.

Mood I think in literature refers to how the reader feels about or responds to a story. However I would agree with you that the mood between both parents is one of tension. I would also agree with your suggestion that there is a sombre atmosphere. I think sombre could also be used to describe the tone of the story. Personally I think due to the actions of both parents neither parent may succeed in getting him.

If anything the struggle for the baby I think may have resulted in a serious injury if not worse to the baby. It is for that reason I have suggested that there is a sense of irony at the end of the story, both parents want the baby but neither may actually succeed in getting him. While both parents are fighting neither one of them seems to be focused on the well-being of their child rather they may be more concerned about hurting each other emotionally , though ironically it is possibly the baby who is hurt physically the most at the end of the story. It is possible that Carver is suggesting that when some people separate from each other or when a relationship comes to an end it may not always be amicable and that on occasions there may be conflict and hostility the parents in the story which may not only affect each individual or parent but there are also others too the baby who though innocent may also be affected.

Which appears to be the case in the story. Quite often in literature when a writer makes reference to a lack of light or possible darkness in a story they are usually attempting to symbolically link the darkness with something that may have already happened in the story or with an incident that is about to happen and which may not be a good thing or could be seen to be a negative or dark act. It may be a case that by introducing the darkness into the story very early on, Carver was attempting to not only set the mood for the story but he may also have been using the darkness as a warning or indication for what was to happen later on in the story.

Though we can never say for sure as to what has happened the baby at the end of the story, it is possible that by introducing the darkness, Carver was also suggesting that what was to happen the baby could also be considered to have been dark. Love the website! The story builds up towards the end, with the explicitly progressing conflict between the couple and the implications from the surroundings the light getting darker, the flowerpot breaking, the snow melting , to an apex where the stakes were at the highest and neither party was willing to or rather, had the choice to give up. Thanks for the comment Siyuan.

You really shed a lot more light on the ending of the story than I have. I like your idea about the title of the story too. And that by doing so neither party in this case the parents will get any satisfaction. So much happens in the story that is not said that I sometimes wonder is Carver also suggesting that what happens within a relationship or why a relationship may come to an end is only really known by the participants of the relationship.

Hello Dermot! I agree with this. Usually, only both parties know what destroyed the relationship. Moreover, each party will have their subjective reason as to why it ended and the reason is usually not identical. Why do you think the main purpose the people are focusing on in the story is the baby? Do you think he wants the baby so the baby which is a boy can have a father figure in his life? Thanks for the comment Reina. Thanks for the comment Genesis. For me though it would change the impact of the story it might have been nice to see both parents realise that their argument or fighting is causing trouble to their child. What is the character analysis in popular mechanics and how does the writer keep readers engaged in the story?

Carver at different stages throughout the story manages to place a focus on all the characters in the story. With both parents fighting the reader is given an insight into how dysfunctional their relationship is, with neither parent backing down. If anything both parents remain stubborn to the end of the story. Carver also manages to focus on the baby, though this is really only noticeable near the end of the story when the parents are physically fighting over him.

But the reader is left aware that he is an innocent party throughout the story. Carver manages to keep the reader engaged by never letting the reader know as to why the parents are separating. We also never really know for sure what happens the baby. The focus for most of the story is on the fight between both parents with the reader continually wondering as to what may have caused the separation. Also though the reader expects at least one of the parents to become aware of the affects of their fighting on their child.

This never happens. The reader expects some type of resolution, though none is clearly given by Carver. With it being left to each individual reader to interpret what happens the baby. Do you think that it is possible that the baby was torn apart and killed. The mom was loosing grip and leaning back so she grabbed the other arm and the dad had the other end almost like they were playing tug of war. And when the dad pulled back very hard making it possible to split the baby just like how parents in a divorce can have split custody of a child.

And I think that the mechanics comes from the steps that is taken to have a divorce and we as a reader are looking into one of the steps. There is a good chance that the baby has been pulled or torn apart and killed. Though not necessarily how they would like it to be. You could also be right about the title of the story. Carver or his editor Gordon Lish may be using the title to highlight to the reader just how common or popular divorce is in society today.

And as you mention the reader is given some insight into the mechanics of divorce by seeing both parents fighting. For the most part,the reader is left to imagine the emotion behind the words. For most of the story the reader is left to imagine the emotions behind the words. I think maybe the mother is becoming aware of how both parents fighting is affecting the baby. If anything the mother is the first and probably only one of the parents to realise the affects the fighting has on the baby. She seems to be afraid. Where else does Caver use a verb to indicate tone of voice? There are a few other occasions in whereby Carer uses a verb to indicate tone of voice.

Thanks so much and the last question. Which other verbs have special power because they are unusual? What would you consider the writing style of this story to be? It is obvious that the tone is the tension between the couple. The second thing that stands out for me is the length of the paragraphs. Just how short the paragraphs are and how they act like steps to the final course of action taken by both parents. Carver also uses very simple or non-complex language throughout the story. Yet what happens at the end is far from simple or certain. Where there is no confusion with his word or language usage the reader is left unsure about what happens the baby at the end of the story. Has this review been published somewhere else I can use? Hi Ricardo.

Man, this was a hell of a story! Love your website BTW! Thanks for the comment Mohamad. I would agree with you. It is a great story and Carver like Hemingway at times gives very little away. This short story is very intriguing to me. On the surface, the writing style is very odd and seems to make little sense. But when analysed, you can see why little details and references are important to how the issue should be interpreted. It is slowly and aggressively being torn apart and, unfortunately, is put to and abrupt end. And although the outcome of who gets the baby is not what the couple is expected, the answer is clear. Neither one will get the baby. At least that is my interpretation. Is the title supposed to be ironic in some way?

Thanks for the comment and insight Ryan. I think Carver by way of the title of the story is being ironic. As I mention in the post there is a how-to style magazine called Popular Mechanics but neither parent appears to know how to raise a child or at least does not put the child first. Which many would expect a parent to do. I also like your suggestion that the baby himself symbolizes the parents relationship. Just as the relationship is being torn apart so too is the child. I just wanted to see if I could shed some light into this dark themed story. Thanks for the comment Wilson.

The line also suggests that the mother is determined to ensure that she gets the baby. She remains committed to the child. How is the theme of lack of communication portrayed or evident in the story? I hope my question made sense, and thank you in advance. Thanks for the comment Bayan. Due to the fact that the parents are fighting throughout the story rather than discussing positively what will happen the baby or who will end up getting the baby. I included the theme of lack of communication. The only real thing happening between the parents is fighting rather than talking. Thanks for the comment Austin. What are the motivations for their actions and what would be a good theme statement for this story? Hi Jerome. The result of the parents motivations is to take ownership of their child.

However without a backdrop to the story its difficult to say as to what is motivating the parents. Clearly they want their child for themselves however we never know as to why or how they reached this point. As for a thematic statement I imagine that Caver may be suggesting that those without a voice the baby should still be heard or taken into account. More questions than comments. He believed life like prose has no exact ending except death , just another page is turned, the reader will have to make their own conclusions and continue.

To my knowledge the only Carver story to have a happy sewn up ending, is Cathedral. Thanks for the comment Al. Thanks for the comment Daniela. It is most likely a expository narrative. With Carver describing an incident. Love this website! I have a question. Thanks for the comment Daniel. It is possible that the struggle between both characters overrides everything else. They forget about what is really important the baby and carry on as though their struggle for the baby is the most important thing. Rather than remaining focused on the baby and his needs.

Thanks for the comment John. In the real world I would imagine there would be some police involved. Possibly having been called by a neighbour. Also the constant tugging on the child would leave a person in no doubt that the baby is being injured. Thank you for replying. I meant more on the lines of how would some of Carvers symbolism or metaphors connect with real world situations. Such as how you can tell the couple is struggling financially so they argue. Which is a very common occurrence on low income families. Sorry for the confusion John.

They might not have a network in place to help them if they struggle financially. Also both parents can only think about themselves which may suggest a lack of maturity. Similarly the mother holds the baby for most if not all of the story so there is an obvious attachment to the baby which the father is trying to break. By pulling on the baby. How do you think Carver argues about the nature of marriage? Thanks for the comment Kevin. Tricky question. In Popular Mechanics marriage is all about conflict. In Cathedral the husband finds it hard to understand how his wife could have a male friend and he appears to be jealous of the friend blind man.

In Mr Coffee and Mr Fixit there appears to be acceptance for adultery. While in Jerry and Molly and Sam there is adultery again and selfishness. In I Could See the Smallest Things there is a sense that the marriage s paralyzed and the wife is willing to remain in a dysfunctional marriage. Each story looks at marriage from a different angle and it is possible that Carver is exploring the many sides of marriage in some of his writing. However the common theme that each story has is the dysfunction that exists for some of the characters in their marriages. Three-dimensional stereotactic, surface projection, single-photon emission computerized tomography images from the representative case presented.

Areas with focal hypoperfusion are visible on the medial sides of the parieto-temporal cortices. Vaccinations are generally safe and are expected to significantly reduce morbidity and mortality in the targeted infections, but they occasionally result in some adverse effects. For example, unexpected adverse effects following HPV vaccination were reported to the Japanese Ministry of Public Health, Labour and Welfare during 3 months after the national vaccination program, including HPV vaccination, started [ 3 ], and the mandatory vaccination with HPV vaccine was terminated at the end of June [ 7 ].

However, a causal relationship between HPV vaccination and various post-vaccination symptoms is controversial in Japan [ 19 ], and many of the affected girls were initially diagnosed as having psychiatric illness because of the absence of pathologic radiological images and specific abnormalities in laboratory test results. Thus, in this study, we first proposed new diagnostic criteria for adverse symptoms after HPV vaccination.

Subsequently, using these criteria, patients with various post-vaccination symptoms were evaluated and 72 were diagnosed with HPV vaccine-related symptoms. On the basis of these 72 the clinical spectrum of HPV vaccine-related symptoms was clarified, adding the frequent objective findings of orthostatic dysregulation, flattened digital plethysmography, and focal abnormality of cerebral blood flow on SPECT. Finally, we investigated the temporal relationship between HPV vaccination and the appearance of these unique symptoms for the purpose of addressing causality, and have revealed that the period of HPV vaccination in Japan considerably overlapped with that of the development of unique symptoms in the vaccinated patients.

Analysis of 12, Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System reports following HPV vaccination revealed that syncope, dizziness, and headache were the most prevalent post-vaccination events [ 20 ]. The female patients examined in this study presented with similar histories and pattern of clinical manifestations as the participants in our previous study: in our previous report that included 40 girls with possible HPV vaccine-related adverse effects, common symptoms were headache, general fatigue, limb pain, and weakness [ 10 ].

All of these symptoms could be explained by a combination of orthostatic dysregulation and CRPS [ 21 ]. In addition, peripheral sympathetic nerve dysfunction was responsible for the appearance of orthostatic dysregulation and CRPS [ 10 , 22 ]. Recently, cognitive dysfunction has been noted as a possible adverse effect that manifests late after HPV vaccination [ 11 ]: it manifests mainly as memory impairment, decreased calculation ability, and transient prosopagnosia-like symptoms; affected patients experience difficulties in performing their schoolwork, with some being absent from school for long periods. Furthermore, abnormal immune responses were observed in cerebrospinal fluid samples collected from the patients with cognitive dysfunction [ 25 ]. In this series of the patients, it is notable that the time to onset from the first vaccine dose shows a wide range and the average of that is very long in comparison with the adverse effects of conventional vaccinations.

Another Japanese research group reported that the time to onset from the first vaccine dose ranged from 1 day to 43 months with a mean period of Many symptoms after HPV vaccination are explainable by a combination of autonomic dysfunction, CRPS, and cognitive dysfunction, and all three disorders are characterized by insidious onset and progression. It is rather difficult to determine the exact time of onset in these symptoms. For example, some patients did not alter their lifestyle even with general fatigue and limb disorders, and only after repeated attacks of syncope did they recognize the possible adverse effects of HPV vaccination.

Thus, the interval from an initial injection of HPV vaccine until the first awareness of these symptoms may vary among the involved patients. In the analysis of the temporal relationship between HPV vaccination and the onset of symptoms, the peak onset of symptoms in the vaccinated girls occurred at an age similar to that in girls with HPV vaccination; the difference in average age between both groups was about 8 months, which is relatively similar to the average interval of Regarding the time course of HPV vaccination and symptom onset, most of the patients we examined received HPV vaccination between May and April , the peak period being between July and September However, the development of symptoms after HPV vaccination in the same group of patients was between October and the same month , the peak period being between September and August ; thus, all these four periods considerably overlapped, especially for the peak periods of both events.

Therefore, these two events could be related to each other. Among several iatrogenic disorders after injections, transmission of human immunodeficiency virus or hepatitis virus to individuals can be demonstrable after the appearance of virus-induced symptoms [ 36 , 37 ]. Although there is no tool to obtain direct evidence of the role of HPV vaccination in the development of adverse symptoms in the present study, the time course of symptoms indicates that the manifestation of HPV vaccine-related symptoms terminated around October , which was 28 months after the recommendation for HPV vaccination was withdrawn in Japan.

This study has some limitations. We were unable to recruit a satisfactory control group from the general unvaccinated population. The next limitation is the small number of study subjects, all of whom were referred to us. The total number of Japanese girls with HPV vaccine-related symptoms would be much higher. Further large-scale studies are needed to elucidate the pathogenesis of this unusual phenomenon. To this end, a murine pathological model was recently established by combined administration of HPV vaccine and pertussis toxin [ 40 ], which might be helpful for investigating immune-related pathological conditions in this post-vaccinated disorder. The present study revealed that the age distribution patterns in female adolescent patients who received HPV vaccination and that in the female patients who experienced HPV vaccine-related symptoms are very similar.

Moreover, the period of HPV vaccination in Japan overlapped with that of the development of HPV vaccine-related symptoms in the vaccinated patients. Moreover, 28 months have passed since the recommendation for HPV vaccination was withdrawn, and new HPV vaccine-related symptoms have not been observed during our month follow-up period. The sequence of these events suggests that HPV vaccination is temporally related to the development of these symptoms in Japanese adolescent girls.

Further large-scale studies are required to clarify the pathophysiology of these symptoms and to establish the necessary treatment for affected patients. The authors are most grateful to Dr. Shin Yanagisawa at the Department of Radiology in our hospital for conducting single-photon emission computed tomography examinations. The study protocol was carried out in accordance with the Institutional Review Board approval Nos. Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of her case report. A copy of the written consent may be requested for review from the corresponding author. Kazuki Ozawa and Akiyo Hineno authors have contributed equally to this study. Electronic supplementary material.

National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Drug Safety. Drug Saf. Published online Jul Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Corresponding author. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Objective The aim of this study was to clarify the temporal relationship between human papillomavirus vaccination and the appearance of post-vaccination symptoms. Methods Between June and December , we examined symptoms and objective findings in female patients who had received human papillomavirus vaccination.

Results Overall, 43 female patients were excluded. Conclusions The period of human papillomavirus vaccination considerably overlapped with that of unique post-vaccination symptom development. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article doi Key Points Using our new diagnostic criteria for adverse symptoms after human papillomavirus vaccination, patients with various post-vaccination symptoms were examined and 72 were diagnosed with human papillomavirus vaccine-related symptoms. The main symptoms consisted of chronic regional pain syndrome, and autonomic and cognitive dysfunctions.

The most frequent objective findings were orthostatic dysregulation, flattened digital plethysmography, and focal abnormality of cerebral blood flow in single-photon emission computed tomography. The time to onset after the first vaccine dose showed a wide range average The period of human papillomavirus vaccination in Japan considerably overlapped with that of the development of unique symptoms in the vaccinated patients. Open in a separate window. Introduction Human papillomavirus HPV vaccines have been introduced worldwide for the prevention of uterine and cervical cancer [ 1 , 2 ].

Patients and Methods Between June and December , a total of consecutive female patients visited our institution complaining of multiple symptoms after HPV vaccination. Results For accurate selection of patients affected by suspected vaccine-related symptoms, we first prepared new diagnostic criteria for vaccine-related adverse events following HPV vaccination Table 1 based on our previous report [ 10 ] and the inclusion and exclusion criteria for vaccine-related adverse events following HPV vaccination proposed by Nishioka et al.

Table 1 Diagnostic criteria for suspected adverse effects after human papilloma virus HPV vaccination. Prerequisite 1. At least one exposure to HPV vaccination 2. No abnormality of a physical or psychological condition before HPV vaccination 3. Major symptoms 1. Prolonged general fatigue lasting for more than 4 weeks 2. Chronic headache, especially after standing up 3. Widespread pain migratory joint pain, limb pain, or myalgia 4.

Limb shaking tremor or myoclonus like 5. Dysautonomic symptoms orthostatic fainting, postural orthostatic tachycardia, or delayed or rapid gastrointestinal motility 6. Motor dysfunction frequent sudden falls, limb weakness or paralysis, gait disturbance 7. Abnormal sensation coldness in limbs, limb paresthesia, photophobia 8. Sleep disturbance hypersomnia, insomnia 9. Learning impairment memory impairment, difficulties in concentration, verbal dyspraxia Menstrual abnormality amenorrhea, hypermenorrhea, irregular menstruation III.

Objective findings 1. Persistent hypotension 2. Orthostatic hypotension or postural tachycardia on standing or tilt table test Schellong test 3. Decreased skin temperature 4. Peripheral plateau pattern in digital plethysmogram 5. Decreased cognitive function test 6. Decreased regional cerebral blood flow as shown in brain single-photon emission computerized tomography IV. Exclusion 1. Abnormality in routine blood laboratory data 2. Conditions compatible with diagnostic criteria of other diseases e. HPV vaccination after 30 years of age. Table 2 Percentage frequency of symptoms and signs in the study patients.

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