⚡ How Do People Live During The Great Depression
Pantyhose make stretchy How Do People Live During The Great Depression ties foR tomatoes. James, with no work available, struggled to win fights in boxing, in order to put How Do People Live During The Great Depression on the table for his family. I also bought a How Do People Live During The Great Depression to knit book, and taught myself to make baby blankets, kids hats, slippers, etc. A majority of them are not Reward Store Employees Case Study of America, a majority of them hold negative views of capitalism. I reuse paper that is written on one side. Library How Do People Live During The Great Depression Congress. We still Reflective Essay On Questioning Skills by the motto of use what you have or go without. I remember How Do People Live During The Great Depression step mother sucking Summary Of Dorothy Roberts Killing The Black Body the excess air out of the Athena Goddess Of Wisdom with a straw before twist tying them or closing with Juvenile Delinquents In Prison bread tags we How Do People Live During The Great Depression saved — although usually out bread was home baked. Dear Mrs.
The Great Depression - 5 Minute History Lesson
Thousands of city-dwellers fled the jobless cities and moved to the country looking for work. As relief efforts floundered, many state and local officials threw up barriers to migration, making it difficult for newcomers to receive relief or find work. Some state legislatures made it a crime to bring poor migrants into the state and allowed local officials to deport migrants to neighboring states. Starting in , the Committee held widely publicized hearings.
But it was too late. Such relief was nowhere to be found in the s. Americans meanwhile feared foreign workers willing to work for even lower wages. The crisis itself had served to stifle foreign immigration, but such restrictive and exclusionary actions in the first years of the Depression intensified its effects. The number of European visas issued fell roughly 60 percent while deportations dramatically increased. Between and , 54, people were deported. Exclusionary measures hit Mexican immigrants particularly hard. Officials in the Southwest led a coordinated effort to push out Mexican immigrants. According to the federal census, from to the Mexican-born population living in Arizona, California, New Mexico and Texas fell from , to , Franklin Roosevelt did not indulge anti-immigrant sentiment as willingly as Hoover had.
Over the course of the Depression, more people left the United States than entered it. Skip to main content. The Great Depression. Search for:. Licenses and Attributions. CC licensed content, Shared previously. So many people suffered extreme financial hardship during the Great Depression of the s, and in turn that led to some pretty extreme frugality. People had to get creative to make ends meet, and one of the ways they did this was by saving, reusing and repurposing absolutely everything.
What we wouldn't think twice about tossing today was as good as gold back then. The most valuable items were, well, pretty much anything. But in general, the more uses you could get from a single item, the more valuable it was. Everything was reused, recycled and repurposed. Here are just a few of the many things people reused during the Great Depression:. We'll go into all of these in more detail below, but suffice it to say that the more life you could squeeze out of each item, the more money you hopefully wouldn't have to spend. This period in history stayed with the people who were affected by it too. My great grandmother lived through the Great Depression and she saved everything her entire life: plastic, aluminum foil, twist ties, jars and containers… She was even known for rationing her toilet paper!
And she kept her savings in paint tins in the basement. Nobody trusted the banks after the crash of threw the country into an economic collapse, and understandably so. Many folks did have their money in the bank, however, and when the stock market crashed they lost everything. Millionaires went broke overnight. And of course, the poor got poorer. Without any money to depend on, people had to become very resourceful. Finding creative ways to reuse and repurpose everyday items became a life skill that sometimes even meant the difference between life and death, and could even be exchanged as a currency in the trade and barter system that emerged when money all but ceased to exist for many people.
So what exactly did people save, and how exactly did they repurpose the scraps that could no longer be used? The list is extensive. Pretty much anything that people got their hands on was put to good use over and over again. But there are a few common items that many people saved, and many innovative ways they were used. Here are 10 common items people reused during the Great Depression:. Clothing was worn until it was down to the bare threads. The same went for linens and towels. Then, if there was fabric that could be salvaged, it was repurposed into new clothes or linens or washcloths or rags. Rags were then used as-is or they were patched together to make new clothes or linens or turned into rag rugs.
Socks were also saved and repaired. Flour and grain sacks were also very versatile during the Depression. They were made of cotton and some even had nice prints and patterns on them, which made excellent fabric to make new clothes out of. The rubber from tires was used in a variety of different ways. We modern homesteaders joke about the amount of Mason jars we keep on our shelves and in our basements and, generally, in every nook and cranny of our house. I know I can personally say that we reuse Mason jars for every conceivable purpose around our house!
Jars could be used to store food, collect kitchen grease or hold any number of household items from buttons to rubber bands. Tin cookie tins were often repurposed as lunch boxes for children and for lucky men who still had jobs albeit with meagre wages , and for those out pounding the pavement trying to find one. Everything was used to the very last drop, and that included things like soap and candles. Odds and ends were saved from bar soaps and wax candles and were collected and remelted to make new candles and new soap. And every last drop of liquid soap was used up and diluted with water to last longer. This was an effective way to stretch a buck that is still popular with some people today.
Every piece of string and elastic band was saved in one of those repurposed jars in case it was needed in place of new thread to mend clothes or to stitch or tie any number of things together. In a day and age when clothing was handmade even without the economic collapse, buttons may as well have been gold coins. Every extra button was saved and used to mend old clothing that was missing buttons and to add to newly sewn items. Every scrap of paper and paper product was saved during the Depression. Cardboard and magazines and stacks of newspapers were even used as building materials in pop-up shantytowns!
My mother has even told me stories that my great grandmother told her about using magazines and newsprint as toilet paper in the outhouse during those times perhaps this explains her toilet paper rationing later in life. Paper bags were also saved. Scraps were used as writing paper and parcel-wrapping paper and were even turned into little hand-sewn notebooks that could be gifted to children at Christmas time. Talk about resourcefulness.
If nothing else, paper could always be burned for fuel or to start fires, which was a much better option than tire fires. Of all the places in the house, the kitchen was the last place that saw anything go to waste. Everything was reused in the kitchen. Every eggshell, chicken bone, end of stale bread and jar of lard or grease was put to good use in some way. But water was never more scarce than it was for people in the drought-ridden dustbowl areas of the U. Any water that could be reused was. Multiple people bathed in the same water and then cleaned their clothes and their dishes in it too. People living through the Depression would be been horrified at the amount we throw away nowadays! Clutter is a huge source of anxiety for me and I love only having a few useful items and creature comforts around me if I can.
But I also believe in living frugally, within our means and preparing for whatever the future may hold, because you never know what tomorrow will bring. Nobody knows this better than those men and women who lived through the Great Depression. The lessons of that time have stuck with many of them for their entire lives. In some cases, the lessons have been passed down through generations. Luckily, as modern-day homesteaders, we generally still live by the most important rules of the Great Depression: Use it up, wear it out, make do or do without.
And always be grateful for every little thing. What do you reuse or repurpose in your house? What frugal rules or habits do you live by? Leave a comment below and let me know! I guess we were fortunate because of living in farm communities and it seemed we never were in any need. My husband and I reuse zip lock bags all sizes. Its plastic, so they are easy to wash, dry and reuse multiple times. It saves us from having to constantly buy more and helps eliminate plastic waste.
I used to do that when I first got married but, alas, it has gone by the wayside! We all should stop making waste….. I agree there is entirely too much waste today! God help us! My husband and I reuse plastic grocery bags, ziplock bags, bread bags, and twist ties. I cut up old pallets to burn at our campfire and to use in woodworking projects. Old furniture is either repurposed or cut up for burning. All veggie scraps go to our chickens or in the compost bin outside. Old sweaters are kept and make into pillows. We can and if a Mason jar cracks during the canning process, it is kept and painted and used for a tissue holder or to keep small craft items. Old shirts and towels that are no longer wearable or usable are cut up and used for rags.
Always a use for something. My grandma lived through the Great Depression. She taught me a lot, the majority of which I do not personally do myself. She kept plastic milk jugs and food as long as she could. When she passed, there was still a few jars of War Ratio canned food in her cellar. We always washed out the bags milk comes in and hung them on the washing line to dry. Then they were reused to freeze the veggies we grew on the farm. I remember my step mother sucking all the excess air out of the bags with a straw before twist tying them or closing with the bread tags we always saved — although usually out bread was home baked.
They could be reused again and again. I still reuse ziploc bags and twist ties until they fall apart. Instead, we still get the occasional box of cereal or crackers. Now we save and wash the food grade liner from the cereal boxes to use as bags to freeze portions of meat. They hold up quite well and are easily washed if needed though often i discard it after meat has been in it. Reusable sandwich and snack bags suit us for pack lunches instead of zip bags.
Paper towels! Instead of using 2 or 3 paper towels and throwing them away, we grab a rag, wipe up the spill and toss it in the laundry basket to be washed in the bleach load to sanitize. I also dont use paper towels. I buy at thrift stores as they are amazingly cheap there. For dishes i buy packs of utility wash rags to clean dishes with. I also use the sanitary cycle to clean these al9ng with the mop heas. My mom was young when the Great Depression happened. Luckily they lived out in the country where they raised a lot of things as well as being able to hunt and fish on the land.
I think a lot of the Depression rubbed off on my mom as I remember her saving a lot of things you mentioned. One of them being buttons. She would take them off of clothing before reusing or discarding the material. I have her sewing machine and in the drawers are many jars of buttons. Also she would save and reuse butter containers, cottage cheese container, etc and use them for bowls or for leftovers. I learned from her and saved many things as well growing up and into adulthood. Rose, we could have the same mother! Not only did my mom take the bottoms off clothing, but shoe strings off shoes. She learned to sew, and became an excellent seamstress making everything we wore, curtains, bedspreads, even learned how to cover furniture and car upholstery.
She canned, froze, and cooked from scratch. I honestly cannot remember the last time I actually just threw something over the hill. What I have a hard time repurposing are cottage cheese and sour cream containers, butter boxes and papers. Milk jugs I refill with water and save or put them in the freezer or use them to cover small plants. Nice article. Thank you. My grandpa and grandma used to complain how much people take for granted.
I had that same issue. I have been saving them, and i drilled holes the bottoms and use them for my seedlings until they are ready to go into the earth. My dad is 91 and I love to talk to him about his growing up days. In fact, many of the congregation payed their tithes in chickens, eggs, slabs of pork etc. This must have been better than money for the pastor! I grew up with the depression ways still greatly used. Ham bone and white bean soup was almost a weekly meal. We darned socks or reused them to dust. Every little jar was saved to hold buttons, camping items, leftovers, etc. I still use canning jars to freeze food or keep it shelf stored keeps mice and ants out and I drink from a quart jar duel purpose; it helps me keep track of my consumption.
Her father went from job to job and died when she was 9 years old so much of the depression she was raised by a single mother. Both of my parents learned much during those difficult times,and passed that information down. I have always felt the banks acted in greed and lacked basic compassion for evicting people whom they mishandled their money to begin with. If anything, the banks owed it to these people to let them live in their homes during this time.
It was a disservice and abuse of their power. I realize they needed to make money to stay in business, but I still think more could have been done people work in exchange for electricity for example. It was an eye opener and disgusting at the same time. I do not put trust in the government to help during another depression. We will all need to fend for ourselves. Doing things now is great practice and will make it easier to transistion later. Of course this is just my opinion. It has become normal to blame the banker. During the Great Depression, many local bankers went under and bankrupted themselves, as they did everything possible in an attempt to save their communities, farmers, ranchers, and the homeowners too.
It was not greed. Students are no longer taught economics and most people do not understand how our financial system works, so we blame the banker. It is easy. That was greed. However, on the flip side of this equation, there are millions of Americans living in homes they can not afford, right now today. Our country is littered with mini-mansions and the clock is ticking as to how long the Average American can hold on this false economy. You may not realize that Depression was caused by the Federal Reserve and the laws passed by govt. We are still living with the idea that the government can just pass a law and that will fix any problem. How to fix the situation? Elect all the politicians that say they will cut the regulations and then make sure they actually do that.
Also, reject any that say they will give you a free any thing, they only want to make you more of a slave. When you steal from your fellow citizen, you are a criminal…but when you elect politicians to do the same thing!?! This article resonates with me as I was raised by my dad who was born in the depression. My grandparents also had a huge impact on my life. My dad worked hard to care for my sister and I our mom abandoned us , and even when he went to work for a good company making good money, he still felt broke.
I got married very young and we were dead broke. I like to say I went through my own Depression as we were so very poor at the time. I grew up darning socks and still do. I wear cotton white sports socks, and these are very easy to darn. I always wear out the big toe and a hole starts there. I always saved and still do! I have a button tin. My grandma saved buttons also. No way was I paying that. I also bought some small craft bows and sewed them on some of the socks. My kids now had fancy socks like other girls and they cost me pennies to make each one.
I save pieces of soap scraps in a jar as this can be made into another bar of soap. I save bacon grease for frying and cooking. I save all my sour cream cartons we do not eat cottage cheese and these are used for summer when my green peppers, jalapeno peppers come ripe as I dice them up and freeze them in these containers. I do put a piece of plastic over the top before I put on the lid as this helps keep the green pepper smell from cross-contaminating my other foods no one wants butter that has been frozen used for cookies with the taste of green pepper in it! I also often freeze extra onions from our garden before they can sprout or go bad, these go into freezer bags usually. The one year we had green, purple, yellow, red and orange sweet peppers.
I marked the top of the sour cream lids with a P, Y, R, O or J jalapeno and left the green ones blank. I knew at a glance which peppers were in each. I save jars of all kinds-jam jars, small pimento jars 2 and 4 oz , baby food at least I still have some, not sure baby food comes in jars anymore , spaghetti sauce jars, and any other fancy or useful jar. As spaghetti jars have gotten smaller, I can no longer can in them one brand actually used canning jars that could be re-purposed. Bacon grease goes in these, as does other grease I may not want to save like hamburger grease. I make my own body butters, lotions, sugar scrubs, often giving some as gifts and these pretty jars I save make the perfect size and look nice as gifts.
Earache oil homemade goes into a small 2 oz. I could not afford butter at the time and did not know about the health dangers of margarine. I do not have a string ball, but another great aunt used to have one. My grandma also had one. All extra pieces of string got added to this ball. I save rubber bands the large kinds that come in packages , bread ties, and anything useful. I have baby jars full of tacks, push pins, paper clips, and small odds and ends. I buy many things from yard sales and thrift stores. It looks almost new. I did not need it, but gave it to a grandchild who did. I buy everything on sale, use coupons for everything I can including when we eat out and look for close out sales.
They pay me to use their card! It is a very nice skirt. My husband and I are no longer broke. He makes very good money, the kids are all grown, and we can afford many things, but I still try to be a good steward of our money and we have a nice nest egg we are saving for retirement. I rarely where jewelry, but I had my eye on a very pretty heart-shaped necklace with unpolished an emerald in it. Just the right price! I know in my head how much something is worth for me.
Even though my husband makes 6 figures now, I still live frugally. I found this article very interesting. My grandparents lived during the depression and many of their ways of doing things have passed down to me. If you have girls who like to read, I highly recommend the American Girl Kit series. I was an Army wife to a career soldier of 24 years. The fastest thing I learned was, when our husbands were deployed or away at training, our separate rations pay was taken out of his pay to feed him during his time away. I also bought a Learn to knit book, and taught myself to make baby blankets, kids hats, slippers, etc.
I was so fortune to have those precious people in my life, and we all learned how to live through so difficult times; but those are some of my fondest, most cherished memories!! I truly continue to use all these skills today! We Old Time spouses, just shook our heads, and reministiced about the Enlisted Wives Meetings we use to have when we were very young, the great people we met and learned from. And cut my kids hair until they went to college. My dad grew up on a dry land farm. He was 16 years old before he ever owned a new pair of shoes. They used draft animals to do the plowing. I suppose that was one of the few times they had any spending cash. It used to drive my mom nuts. Now I wish I had all those jars that he had stashed away. Most products are now packaged in plastic.
The farmers always paid the money to the parents, not the kids. So you were pulling plants with both hands while slowly walking down between rows. He said it was backbreaking labor in the hot sun. That was how many families survived during the Great Depression. You and your family may be far better suited to survive than most. I was raised on a ranch where I had to rise early and start the fires in the kitchen my Grams cooked on a huge wood-burning monster stove , the bathroom and the living room fireplace. I had to milk 2 cows every morning and evening and tend to the chickens and livestock rough in the winter Your article reminded me of those days. Great article, and the comments are even more interesting and informative! My grandparents were raised during the Depression, and many lessons learned from them have helped me through some rough patches.
Having a well stocked pantry has been the biggest. Neither of my grandmothers canned, but their pantries were always full. So even in lean times, we had something to eat. When times were tough, rather than ask my parents for money, I would ask them to grocery shop for us. Gardening was another gift I learned from my grandparents and parents. I could probably go on.
Suffice it to say, I am grateful that my grandparents gifted me with some of their knowledge and habits. In the early 70s, my grandmother had an outhouse and yes, we used magazines and newspapers for toilet paper. My other grandmother would take junk mail and repurpose it. Envelopes would be cut open and she would use the inside of the envelopes as scrap paper for making grocery lists or to-do lists. If there was any unprinted places in the junk mail letters, she would also cut these into scraps for notes. The free catalog it was almost 2 inches thick if you are old enough to remember became their outhouse toilet paper for the year.
I save buttons, used zippers, rubber bands, bottles and jars, packaging from mail, reuse blank backs of ad letters for messages, fabric scraps, old clothes for rags and mending, string, large plastic containers and self sealing plastic bags, plastic grocery bags for the library, egg cartons for the fresh egg people, cat and dog food bags to fill as we clean the cat box, card board boxes, I am saving shredded paper to make bricks to burn in our wood stove, bacon fat, all kinds of screws, nails and other hardware.
I I was fortunate enough to learn Depression era lessons from my mother and grandmother. My grandmother and mother made all of my school clothes until I was in junior high school, when I learned to sew myself in Home Ec class. I keep, and reuse mason jars and jam jars to keep my office supplies tidy. I generally shop at thrift stores…let someone else pay full price! When clothes become threadbare, I tear them into strips and make braided twine, which I then use to make rag rugs and decorative baskets. I also mend old quilts with fabric scraps, and still darn socks which I knit myself.
I can patch jeans with the best of them and still save bacon grease in a coffee can for reuse. I will always be grateful to my grandmother for teaching me so many valuable lessons which continue to help me to live frugally. My parents lived during the great depression. When we cleaned out the house that they had lived in as did my Grandparents and Greatgrandmother I know that they saved everything that could be possibly used again!
They attics were stuffed. I remember as a girl seeing the flour and sugar bags laid out on the grass so the sun would bleach the writing,so they could be used for aprons, dresser scarves and pillow cases. I had a wonderful childhood but I am glad for Thrift stores so I can donate things I no longer need. I reuse paper that is written on one side. I write on it or use it to photocopy. I always save the buttons from garments I no longer use. I save twist ties to reuse. I wash plastic zip bags. I reuse some cardboard to make templates. When I have toast I rinse off my plate so I can use it again. Eggshells, peelings, etc. I make tote bags with web handles from feed and seed bags. I have cloth napkins we use multiple times until they need washing.
I save small boxes to use as gift boxes. I make homemade bread, desserts, soups, etc. There are not many things that go to waste in our home especially in the kitchen. Food scraps are saved in freezer for soup stock, then composted.Every piece of clothing that is too far gone to wear or donate gets cut Teen Curfew Arguments rags or fabric scraps and all buttons and some How Do People Live During The Great Depression are saved. To lead off, the Great Depression How Do People Live During The Great Depression millions How Do People Live During The Great Depression of work. Right across-the-board, there isn't anything this man How Do People Live During The Great Depression done, or stood for, How Do People Live During The Great Depression improved America," O'Reilly said. Thousands of city-dwellers fled the jobless cities and moved to the country looking for work.