➊ Gall Bladder Essay

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Gall Bladder Essay



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In patients associated with increased risk factor related to obesity, there are certain drug therapies and other procedures adopted to lose weight. There are certain cost effective ways introduced by several companies to enable clinic-based weight loss programs. Obesity can lead to premature death and even cause Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Cardiovascular diseases have also become the part and parcel of obese people. It includes stroke, hypertension, gall bladder disease, coronary heart disease and even cancers like breast cancer, prostate cancer, endometrial cancer and colon cancer. Other less severe arising due to obesity includes osteoarthritis, gastro-esophageal reflux disease and even infertility.

Hence, serious measures are to be taken to fight against this dreadful phenomenon that is spreading its wings far and wide. Giving proper education on benefits of staying fit and mindful eating is as important as curbing this issue. Utmost importance must be given to healthy eating habits right from the small age so that they follow the same until the end of their life.

Obesity is majorly a lifestyle disease attributed to the extra accumulation of fat in the body leading to negative health effects on a person. Ironically, although prevalent at a large scale in many countries, including India, it is one of the most neglect health problems. It is more often ignored even if told by the doctor that the person is obese. Only when people start acquiring other health issues such as heart disease, blood pressure or diabetes, they start taking the problem of obesity seriously. As per a report, India happens to figure as the third country in the world with the most obese people.

This should be a troubling fact for India. However, we are yet to see concrete measures being adopted by the people to remain fit. Sedentary lifestyle, alcohol, junk food, medications and some diseases such as hypothyroidism are considered as the factors which lead to obesity. Even children seem to be glued to televisions, laptops and video games which have taken away the urge for physical activities from them. Adding to this, the consumption of junk food has further aggravated the growing problem of obesity in children. In the case of adults, most of the professions of today make use of computers which again makes people sit for long hours in one place. Also, the hectic lifestyle of today makes it difficult for people to spare time for physical activities and people usually remain stressed most of the times.

All this has contributed significantly to the rise of obesity in India. In other words, the BMI tells you if you are obese or not. The number thus obtained is called the BMI. A BMI of less than 25 is considered optimal. What is a matter of concern is that with growing urbanisation there has been a rapid increase of obese people in India? It is of utmost importance to consider this health issue a serious threat to the future of our country as a healthy body is important for a healthy soul. We should all be mindful of what we eat and what effect it has on our body. It is our utmost duty to educate not just ourselves but others as well about this serious health hazard.

Obesity can be defined as a condition medical that is the accumulation of body fat to an extent that the excess fat begins to have a lot of negative effects on the health of the individual. Obesity is determined by examining the body mass index BMI of the person. The BMI is gotten by dividing the weight of the person in kilogram by the height of the person squared. When the BMI of a person is more than 30, the person is classified as being obese, when the BMI falls between 25 and 30, the person is said to be overweight.

Obesity has been proven to influence the likelihood and risk of many conditions and disease, most especially diabetes of type 2, cardiovascular diseases, sleeplessness that is obstructive, depression, osteoarthritis and some cancer types. In most cases, obesity is caused through a combination of genetic susceptibility, a lack of or inadequate physical activity, excessive intake of food.

Some cases of obesity are primarily caused by mental disorder, medications, endocrine disorders or genes. There is no medical data to support the fact that people suffering from obesity eat very little but gain a lot of weight because of slower metabolism. It has been discovered that an obese person usually expends much more energy than other people as a result of the required energy that is needed to maintain a body mass that is increased. It is very possible to prevent obesity with a combination of personal choices and social changes. The major treatments are exercising and a change in diet.

We can improve the quality of our diet by reducing our consumption of foods that are energy-dense like those that are high in sugars or fat and by trying to increase our dietary fibre intake. We can also accompany the appropriate diet with the use of medications to help in reducing appetite and decreasing the absorption of fat. Obesity is the leading cause of ill-health and death all over the world that is preventable. The rate of obesity in children and adults has drastically increased. In , a whopping 12 percent of adults which is about million and about million children all around the world were found to be obese. It has also been discovered that women are more obese than men. A lot of government and private institutions and bodies have stated that obesity is top of the list of the most difficult and serious problems of public health that we have in the world today.

In the world we live today, there is a lot of stigmatisation of obese people. We all know how troubling the problem of obesity truly is. It is mainly a form of a medical condition wherein the body tends to accumulate excessive fat which in turn has negative repercussions on the health of an individual. Given the current lifestyle and dietary style, it has become more common than ever.

More and more people are being diagnosed with obesity. Such is its prevalence that it has been termed as an epidemic in the USA. Those who suffer from obesity are at a much higher risk of diabetes, heart diseases and even cancer. In order to gain a deeper understanding of obesity, it is important to learn what the key causes of obesity are. In a layman term, if your calorie consumption exceeds what you burn because of daily activities and exercises, it is likely to lead to obesity. It is caused over a prolonged period of time when your calorie intake keeps exceeding the calories burned. If your diet tends to be rich in fat and contains massive calorie intake, you are all set to suffer from obesity. With most people sticking to their desk jobs and living a sedentary lifestyle, the body tends to get obese easily.

Of course, the genetic framework has a lot to do with obesity. If your parents are obese, the chance of you being obese is quite high. The weight which women gain during their pregnancy can be very hard to shed and this is often one of the top causes of obesity. If you are not getting an adequate amount of sleep, it can have an impact on the hormones which might trigger hunger signals. Overall, these linked events tend to make you obese. There are several hormonal changes which are known to be direct causes of obesity.

The imbalance of the thyroid stimulating hormone, for instance, is one of the key factors when it comes to obesity. As strange as it may sound, the treatment for obesity is really simple. All you need to do is follow the right diet and back it with an adequate amount of exercise. If you can succeed in doing so, it will give you the perfect head-start into your journey of getting in shape and bidding goodbye to obesity. There are a lot of different kinds and styles of diet plans for obesity which are available. You can choose the one which you deem fit. We recommend not opting for crash dieting as it is known to have several repercussions and can make your body terribly weak. The key here is to stick to a balanced diet which can help you retain the essential nutrients, minerals, and, vitamins and shed the unwanted fat and carbs.

Just like the diet, there are several workout plans for obesity which are available. It is upon you to find out which of the workout plan seems to be apt for you. Choose cardio exercises and dance routines like Zumba to shed the unwanted body weight. Yoga is yet another method to get rid of obesity. So, follow a blend of these and you will be able to deal with the trouble of obesity in no time. We believe that following these tips will help you get rid of obesity and stay in shape.

Obesity and overweight is a top health concern in the world due to the impact it has on the lives of individuals. The BMI is calculated using body weight and height and it is different for all individuals. Obesity has been determined as a risk factor for many diseases. It results from dietary habits, genetics, and lifestyle habits including physical inactivity. Answer Answer: proteins Question Answer Answer: 7. The largest gland of the human body is ……………. Answer Answer: liver Question Liver secretes …………….

Answer Answer: bile Question The bile juice is stored in a sac called ……………. Answer Answer: gall bladder Question Digestion of fats start in ……………. Answer Answer: small intestine Question Answer Answer: Canine Question Egestion is the process of of the undigested food through anus. Answer Answer: removal Question Glucose is the simplest form of Answer Answer: Carbohydrate Question Saliva is secreted into the mouth by glands. Answer Answer: salivary Question Digestion is the process of breaking the complex food materials into forms. Answer Answer: Simpler Question Answer Answer: Incisors Question Partially digested food in the rumen of ruminants is called. Answer Answer: Cud Question The first set of teeth in humans are called teeth.

Answer Answer: milk Question Diarrhoea is a condition in which one passes watery stool frequently. Answer Answer: True Question 2. Oesophagus helps in the digestion of food. Answer Answer: False Question 3. Answer Answer: False Question 4. Sugary products are the major cause of tooth decay. Answer Answer: True Question 5. Food is taken in through the mouth. Answer Answer: True Question 6. Alimentary canal begins at the anus and ends at the buccal cavity. Answer Answer: False Question 7.

Dental floss is a special strong thread used to clean teeth. Answer Answer: True Question 8. Permanent teeth are replaced by milk teeth. Answer Answer: False Question 9. We chew food with the stomach. Answer Answer: False Question Permanent teeth are 32 in number. Answer Answer: True Question Milk teeth are 20 in number. The saliva breaks down the starch into amino acids. ORS is given during diarrhoea.

Oesophagus is also known as abdomen. The bile juice is stored in a sac called gall bladder. Ruminants have five-chambered stomach. Grass-eating animals are called herbivores. Amoeba is a multicellular organism. Amoeba feeds on frog larvae. Absorption and assimilation are similar processes. Tongue is a muscular organ. Hydrochloric acid is secreted in the stomach. Digestion is completed in small intestine. Ruminants have a three-chambered stomach. An adult has 32 teeth in all, 16 in each jaw. Tongue gives the sense of smell. Salivary amylase a Digest protein 2. Gastric juice b Cream-coloured gland 3.

Pancreatic juice c Stores many bacteria 4. Bile d Mode of feeding 5. Chewing cud e Kills germ 6. Caecum f Tongue 7. DuPont did not make this information public. In , DuPont became aware that dust vented from factory chimneys settled well beyond the property line and, more disturbing, that PFOA was present in the local water supply. DuPont declined to disclose this finding. In , DuPont scientists determined an internal safety limit for PFOA concentration in drinking water: one part per billion. Despite internal debate, it declined to make the information public.

When asked for evidence, it forwarded two letters written to West Virginian government agencies from and , both of which cited internal studies that called into question links between PFOA exposure and human health problems. DuPont decided against it. But the crucial discovery for the Tennant case was this: By the late s, as DuPont became increasingly concerned about the health effects of PFOA waste, it decided it needed to find a landfill for the toxic sludge dumped on company property. Fortunately they had recently bought 66 acres from a low-level employee at the Washington Works facility that would do perfectly. It contained an extraordinarily high concentration of PFOA. DuPont did not tell this to the Tennants at the time, nor did it disclose the fact in the cattle report that it commissioned for the Tennant case a decade later — the report that blamed poor husbandry for the deaths of their cows.

Bilott had what he needed. It was a brief conversation. The Tennants settled. The firm would receive its contingency fee. The whole business might have ended right there. But Bilott was not satisfied. DuPont was nothing like the corporations he had represented at Taft in the Superfund cases. DuPont had for decades been actively trying to conceal their actions. They knew this stuff was harmful, and they put it in the water anyway. These were bad facts. What was it doing to the tens of thousands of people in the areas around Parkersburg who drank it daily from their taps? What did the insides of their heads look like? Were their internal organs green?

Bilott spent the following months drafting a public brief against DuPont. It was pages long, including attached exhibits. He demanded immediate action to regulate PFOA and provide clean water to those living near the factory. On March 6, , he sent the letter to the director of every relevant regulatory authority, including Christie Whitman, administrator of the E. DuPont reacted quickly, requesting a gag order to block Bilott from providing the information he had discovered in the Tennant case to the government. A federal court denied it. Bilott sent his entire case file to the E. You could realize how bad that looks. They must have known that there was a small chance of winning.

But they were so afraid that they were willing to roll the dice. With the Famous Letter, Bilott crossed a line. Though nominally representing the Tennants — their settlement had yet to be concluded — Bilott spoke for the public, claiming extensive fraud and wrongdoing. PFOA was only one of more than 60, synthetic chemicals that companies produced and released into the world without regulatory oversight. This arrangement, which largely allows chemical companies to regulate themselves, is the reason that the E. Bilott, however, worried that corporations doing business with Taft might see things differently. DuPont was not required to admit liability. At the time, it was the largest civil administrative penalty the E.

The obvious next step was to file a class-action lawsuit against DuPont on behalf of everyone whose water was tainted by PFOA. In all ways but one, Bilott himself was in the ideal position to file such a suit. He had the technical and regulatory expertise, as he had proved in the Tennant case. It was one thing to pursue a sentimental case on behalf of a few West Virginia cattle farmers and even write a public letter to the E. Terp confirms that Reilly called him but will not disclose the content of the call; Bilott and Reilly decline to speak about it, citing continuing litigation.

Given what Bilott had documented in his Famous Letter, Taft stood by its partner. A lead plaintiff soon presented himself. Joseph Kiger, a night-school teacher in Parkersburg, called Bilott to ask for help. About nine months earlier, he received a peculiar note from the Lubeck water district. It arrived on Halloween day, enclosed in the monthly water bill.

Still, Kiger might have forgotten about it had his wife, Darlene, not already spent much of her adulthood thinking about PFOA. Sometimes her husband came home from work sick — fever, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting — after working in one of the PFOA storage tanks. It was a common occurrence at Washington Works. In , after Darlene gave birth to their second child, her husband told her that he was not allowed to bring his work clothes home anymore. DuPont, he said, had found out that PFOA was causing health problems for women and birth defects in children. Darlene would remember this six years later when, at 36, she had to have an emergency hysterectomy and again eight years later, when she had a second surgery.

I asked myself, what does DuPont have to do with our drinking water? Bilott had anticipated suing on behalf of the one or two water districts closest to Washington Works. All told, 70, people were drinking poisoned water. Some had been doing so for decades. But Bilott faced a vexing legal problem. PFOA was not a regulated substance. It appeared on no federal or state list of contaminants. In , it could not even be proved that exposure to PFOA in public drinking water caused health problems. There was scant information available about its impact on large populations. How could the class prove it had been harmed by PFOA when the health effects were largely unknown? But when DuPont learned that Bilott was preparing a new lawsuit, it announced that it would re-evaluate that figure.

As in the Tennant case, DuPont formed a team composed of its own scientists and scientists from the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection. It announced a new threshold: parts per billion. But West Virginia endorsed the new standard. Within two years, three lawyers regularly used by DuPont were hired by the state D. One of them was placed in charge of the entire agency. But it was to me. Bilott devised a new legal strategy. A year earlier, West Virginia had become one of the first states to recognize what is called, in tort law, a medical-monitoring claim. A plaintiff needs to prove only that he or she has been exposed to a toxin.

If the plaintiff wins, the defendant is required to fund regular medical tests. In these cases, should a plaintiff later become ill, he or she can sue retroactively for damages. For this reason, Bilott filed the class-action suit in August in state court, even though four of the six affected water districts lay across the Ohio border. Meanwhile the E. In , the agency released its initial findings: PFOA might pose human health risks not only to those drinking tainted water, but also to the general public — anyone, for instance, who cooked with Teflon pans.

The E. By the average concentration of PFOA in the blood of an adult American was four to five parts per billion. DuPont, rather than use an alternative compound, built a new factory in Fayetteville, N. In September , DuPont decided to settle the class-action suit. If such links existed, DuPont would pay for medical monitoring of the affected group in perpetuity. Until the scientific study came back with its results, class members were forbidden from filing personal-injury suits against DuPont. A reasonable expectation, at this point, was that the lawyers would move on. Not only had Taft recouped its losses, but DuPont was providing clean water to the communities named in the suit.

Bilott had every reason to walk away. DuPont could argue — and had argued — that even if PFOA caused medical problems, it was only because factory workers had been exposed at exponentially higher levels than neighbors who drank tainted water.

This arrangement, which largely allows chemical companies Gall Bladder Essay regulate themselves, is the Analysis Of The Dew Breaker that Gall Bladder Essay E. My answer is Gall Bladder Essay, and I suspect that some Gall Bladder Essay progress is being made. But over the Gall Bladder Essay that followed, DuPont The Bell Tower Analysis hundreds of thousands of Gall Bladder Essay of PFOA powder through the outfall pipes of the Gall Bladder Essay facility Reward Store Employees Case Study Gall Bladder Essay Ohio River. And sometimes Gall Bladder Essay was not enough, as in the case of Genghis Khan, who was not satisfied Gall Bladder Essay corpses. Bilott Gall Bladder Essay the two Gall Bladder Essay for lunch.