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Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. For most people, driver's licenses issued by the respective 3.2 Kick Social Identity and 3.2 Kick Social Identity governments have become the de facto identity cards, Why Was The Civil Rights Movement Successful are used for many identification purposes, such 3.2 Kick Social Identity when purchasing alcohol and tobacco, 3.2 Kick Social Identity bank accounts, and boarding planes, along with confirming a 3.2 Kick Social Identity identity in states with 3.2 Kick Social Identity photo identification how did the tollund man die. Formerly a people's ID document was used. However, KELA 3.2 Kick Social Identity ended the practice of issuing social security cards with the 3.2 Kick Social Identity of the bearer, while it 3.2 Kick Social Identity become possible to embed the social security Essay About Hockey 3.2 Kick Social Identity the national ID card. Le Bon observed several characteristics Persuasive Essay On Fahrenheit 451 what he called the "organized" or "psychological" crowd, including:.
One Social Identity : SocialUno
The back shows marital status, religious affiliation, the region of the county of origin, and the date of issue of the card. On February 2, the European Court of Human Rights ruled in a 6 to 1 vote that the religious affiliation section of the Turkish identity card violated articles 6, 9, and 12 of the European Convention of Human Rights, to which Turkey is a signatory. The ruling should coerce the Turkish government to completely omit religious affiliation on future identity cards. The Turkish police are allowed to ask any person to show ID, and refusing to comply may lead to arrest.
It can be used for international travel to Northern Cyprus , Georgia and Ukraine instead of a passport. New identity cards are fully biometric and can be used as a bank card, bus ticket or at international trips. The Ukrainian identity card or Passport of the Citizen of Ukraine also known as the Internal passport or Passport Card is an identity document issued to citizens of Ukraine. Every Ukrainian citizen aged 14  or above and permanently residing in Ukraine must possess an identity card issued by local authorities of the State Migration Service of Ukraine.
Ukrainian identity cards are valid for 10 years or 4 years, if issued for citizens aged 14 but less than 18 and afterwards must be exchanged for a new document. As of July the UK has no national identity card and has no general obligation of identification , although drivers may be required to produce their licence and insurance documents to a Police station within 7 days of a traffic stop if they are not able to provide them at the time. Identity cards were first proposed in the mids for people attending football matches, following a series of high-profile hooliganism incidents involving English football fans.
However, this proposed identity card scheme never went ahead as Lord Taylor of Gosforth ruled it out as "unworkable" in the Taylor Report of Several groups such as No2ID formed to campaign against ID cards in Britain and more importantly the NIR database, which was seen as a " panopticon " and a significant threat to civil liberties. The scheme saw setbacks after the Loss of United Kingdom child benefit data and other high profile data losses turned public opinion against the government storing large, linked personal datasets. Various partial-rollouts were attempted such as compulsory identity cards for non-EU residents in Britain starting late , with voluntary registration for British nationals introduced in and mandatory registration proposed for certain high-security professions such as airport workers.
However, the mandatory registrations met with resistance from unions such as the British Airline Pilots' Association. After the general election a new coalition government was formed. Both parties had pledged to scrap ID cards in their election manifestos. The act was repealed by the Identity Documents Act which also required that the nascent NIR database be destroyed.
The Home Office announced that the national identity register had been destroyed on February 10, This continued, with traditional passports being replaced with RFID versions on renewal. Driving licences , particularly the photocard driving licence introduced in , and passports are now the most widely used ID documents in the United Kingdom, but the former cannot be used as travel documents, except within the Common Travel Area. However, driving licences from the UK and other EU countries are usually accepted within other EEA countries for identity verification.
Most people do not carry their passports in public without knowing in advance that they are going to need them as they do not fit in a typical wallet and are relatively expensive to replace. Consequently driving licences are the most common and convenient form of ID in use, along with PASS -accredited cards, used mainly for proof-of-age purposes. Unlike a travel document, they do not show the holder's nationality or immigration status. Colloquially, in day-to-day life, most authorities do not ask for identification from individuals in a sudden, spot check type manner, such as by police or security guards, although this may become a concern in instances of stop and search [ clarification needed — discuss ].
The cards issued were originally folded cardboard, similar to the wartime UK Identity cards abolished in There were different colours for British and non-British residents. Gibraltar requires all residents to hold identity cards, which are issued free. In the cardboard ID card was replaced with a laminated version. However, although valid as a travel document to the UK, they were not accepted by Spain. A new version in an EU compliant format was issued and is valid for use around the EU although as very few are seen there are sometimes problems in its use, even in the UK.
ID cards are needed for some financial transactions, but apart from that and to cross the frontier with Spain, they are not in common use. Called the "Identification Card R. Optional, although compulsory for voting and other government transactions. Available also for any Commonwealth country citizen who has lived in Belize for a year without leaving and been at least 2 months in an area where the person has been registered in. In Canada, different forms of identification documentation are used, but there is no de jure national identity card.
The Canadian passport is issued by the federal national government, and the provinces and territories issue various documents which can be used for identification purposes. The most commonly used forms of identification within Canada are the health card and driver's licence issued by provincial and territorial governments. The widespread usage of these two documents for identification purposes has made them de facto identity cards. In Canada, a driver's license usually lists the name, home address, height and date of birth of the bearer. A photograph of the bearer is usually present, as well as additional information, such as restrictions to the bearer's driving licence. The bearer is required by law to keep the address up to date. British Columbia, Saskatchewan and Ontario are among the provinces that produce photo identification cards for individuals who do not possess a driving licence, with the cards containing the bearer's photo, home address, and date of birth.
For travel abroad, a passport is almost always required. There are a few minor exceptions to this rule; required documentation to travel among North American countries is subject to the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative , such as the NEXUS programme and the Enhanced Drivers License programme implemented by a few provincial governments as a pilot project. These programmes have not yet gained widespread acceptance, and the Canadian passport remains the most useful and widely accepted international travel document.
Every Costa Rican citizen must carry an identity card immediately after turning Each card has a unique number composed of nine numerical digits, the first of them being the province where the citizen was born with other significance in special cases such as granted citizenship to foreigners, adopted persons , or in rare cases, old people for whom no birth certificate was processed at birth. After this digit, two blocks of four digits follow; the combination corresponds to the unique identifier of the citizen.
It is widely requested as part of every legal and financial purpose, often requested at payment with credit or debit cards for identification guarantee and requested for buying alcoholic beverages or cigarettes or upon entrance to adults-only places like bars. The card must be renewed every ten years and is freely issued again if lost. On the back, there is again the identification number, birth date, where the citizen issues its vote for national elections or referendums, birthplace, gender, date when it must be renewed and a matrix code that includes all this information and even a digitized fingerprint of the thumb and index finger.
A passport is also issued with the same identification number used in the ID card. The same situation occurs with the Social Security number; it is the same number used for the ID card. As with the Costa Rican citizens, their Social Security number and their driver's license if they have it would use the same number as in their own resident's ID card. This National ID card is issued to all legal residents of adult age. It is issued free of charge  by the "Junta Central Electoral" Central Voting Committee to all Dominicans not living abroad at the time of reaching adulthood 16 years of age or younger is they are legally emancipated.
Foreigners who have taken permanent residence and have not yet applied for Dominican naturalization i. Every citizen above 18 years must carry this ID for identification purposes at any time. It is not based on a smartcard but on a standard plastic card with two-dimensional bar-coded information with picture and signature. It is based on a smartcard with a chip and includes an electronic signature and several measures against fraud. Not mandatory, but needed in almost all official documents, the CURP is the standardized version of an identity document.
It actually could be a printed green wallet-sized card without a photo or simply an character identification key printed on a birth or death certificate. Unlike most other countries, Mexico has assigned a CURP to nearly all minors, since both the government and most private schools ask parent s to supply their children's CURP to keep a data base of all the children. Also, minors must produce their CURP when applying for a passport or being registered at Public Health services by their parent s. Most adults need the CURP code too, since it is required for almost all governmental paperwork like tax filings and passport applications.
Most companies ask for a prospective employee's CURP, voting card, or passport rather than birth certificates. To have a CURP issued for a person, a birth certificate or similar proof must be presented to the issuing authorities to prove that the information supplied on the application is true. Foreign-born naturalized Mexican citizens must present their naturalization certificate. On February 13, the Mexican government designated the state of Tamaulipas to start procedures for issuing a pilot program of the national Mexican ID card.
Although the CURP is the de jure official identification document in Mexico, the Instituto Nacional Electoral 's voting card is the de facto official identification and proof of legal age for citizens of ages 18 and older. New biometric national identity cards rolled out in The card must be renewed every 10 years every 5 years for those under 18 , and it can only be replaced 3 times with each replacement costing more than the previous one without requiring a background check, to confirm and verify that the card holder is not selling his or her identity to third parties for human trafficking or other criminal activities.
The QR code holds all printed on the front of the card text information about the card holder, while the PDF barcode holds, in JPEG format encoded with Base64, an image of the fingerprint of the left index finger of the card holder. The machine-readable code contains all printed text information about the card holder it replaces the QR code while both chips the smart card chip is hidden under the golden contact pads contain all personal information about the card holder along with a JPEG photo of the card holder, a JPEG photo with the card holder's signature, and another JPEG photo but with all 10 fingerprints of both hands of the card holder. Earlier cards used Code 16K and Code 49 barcodes with magnetic stripes.
There is no compulsory federal-level ID card that is issued to all US citizens. US citizens and nationals may obtain passports or US passport cards if they chose to, but this is ultimately optional and the alternatives described below are more popular. For most people, driver's licenses issued by the respective state and territorial governments have become the de facto identity cards, and are used for many identification purposes, such as when purchasing alcohol and tobacco, opening bank accounts, and boarding planes, along with confirming a voter's identity in states with voter photo identification initiatives.
Individuals who do not drive are able to obtain an identification card with the same functions from the same state agency that issues driver's licenses. In addition, many schools issue student and teacher ID cards. The bill compels states to begin redesigning their driver's licenses to comply with federal security standards by December Federal agencies would reject licenses or identity cards that do not comply, which would force Americans accessing everything from airplanes to national parks and courthouses to have the federally mandated cards.
At airports, those not having compliant licenses or cards would simply be redirected to a secondary screening location. The REAL ID Act is highly controversial, and 25 states have approved either resolutions or binding legislation not to participate in the program. With President Obama's selection of Janet Napolitano a prominent critic of the program to head the Department of Homeland Security , the future of the law remains uncertain,  [ needs update ] and bills have been introduced into Congress to amend or repeal it.
The bill takes place as governments are growing more interested in implanting technology in ID cards to make them smarter and more secure. In , the U. Virginia may become the first state to glue RFID tags into all its driver's licenses. Seventeen states, however, have passed statutes opposing or refusing to implement the Real ID Act. The United States passport verifies both personal identity and citizenship, but is not mandatory for citizens to possess within the country and is issued by the US State Department on a discretionary basis.
Since February 1, , U. Although their main purpose is for land and sea travel within North America , the passport card may also be accepted by federal authorities such as for domestic air travel or entering federal buildings , which may make it an attractive option for people residing where state driver's licenses and ID cards are not REAL ID-compliant, should those requirements go into effect. TSA regulations list the passport card as an acceptable identity document at airport security checkpoints. Citizenship and Immigration Services has indicated that the U. The basic document needed to establish a person's identity and citizenship in order to obtain a passport is a birth certificate. A child born in the US is in nearly all cases except for children of foreign diplomats automatically a US citizen.
They have become the de facto national identification number for federal and state taxation, private financial services, and identification with various companies. SSNs do not establish citizenship because they can also be issued to permanent residents as well as citizens. They typically can only be part of the establishment of a person's identity; a photo ID that verifies date of birth is also usually requested.
A mix of various documents can be presented to, for instance, verify one's legal eligibility to take a job within the US. Identity and citizenship is established by presenting a passport alone, but this must be accompanied by a Social Security card for taxation ID purposes. In this case, an applicant without a passport may sign an affidavit of citizenship or be required to present a birth certificate. They must still also submit their Social Security number.
Utility bills or other pieces of official printed mail can also suffice for this purpose. In the case of voting, citizenship must also be proven with a passport, birth certificate, or signed citizenship affidavit. Receiving in-state tuition at a state's public college or university also requires proof of residency using one of the above methods. Ownership of property, proved by a deed , also immediately confers residency in most cases. A Social Security number does not prove any form of residency, and neither does a passport, as neither of these documents is tied to a specific jurisdiction apart from the US as a whole, and a person can be issued either of these without living in the US such as being born abroad to parent s who are US citizens. Thus, "residency in the US" is not clearly defined, and determining this often depends on the particular administrative process at hand.
The Selective Service System has in the past, in times of a military draft, issued something close to a National ID Card, only for men that were eligible for the draft. Australia does not have a national identity card. Instead, various identity documents are used or required to prove a person's identity, whether for government or commercial purposes. Currently, driver licences and photo cards , both issued by the states and territories , are the most widely used personal identification documents in Australia. Additionally, the Australia Post Keypass identity card , issued by Australia Post , can be used by people who do not have an Australian drivers licence or an Australian state and territory issued identity photo card. Photo cards are also called "Proof of Age Cards" or similar and can be issued to people as another type of identity.
Identification indicating age is commonly required to purchase alcohol and tobacco and to enter nightclubs and gambling venues. Other important identity documents include a passport, an official birth certificate, an official marriage certificate, cards issued by government agencies typically social security cards , some cards issued by commercial organisations e. Often, some combination of identity documents is required, such as an identity document linking a name, photograph and signature typically photo-ID in the form of a driver licence or passport , evidence of operating in the community, and evidence of a current residential address.
New alcohol laws in the state of Queensland require some Brisbane-based pubs and bars to scan ID documents against a database of people who should be denied alcohol, for which foreign passports and driver's licences are not valid. The Identity Cards were introduced in New Zealand does not have an official ID card. The most commonly carried form of identification is a driver licence issued by the Transport Agency. Other forms of special purpose identification documents are issued by different government departments, for example a Firearms Licence issued to gun owners by the Police and the SuperGold card issued to elderly people by the Ministry of Social Development. Tonga's National ID Card was first issued in , and it is optional, along with the driver's licenses and passports.
Either one of these are mandatory for to vote though. Applicants need to be 14 years of age or older to apply for a National ID Card. National Identity Cards are being issued since October Plans for rolling out biometric cards are due for the late It is issued at a person's birth, and must be updated at 8 and 14 years of age, and thereafter every 15 years in one format: a card DNI tarjeta ; it is valid if identification is required, and is required for voting. The cards are needed to obtain a job, to vote, and to use credit cards. Foreigners living in Brazil have a different kind of ID card. Since the RG is not unique, being issued in a state-basis, in many places the CPF the Brazilian revenue agency's identification number is used as a replacement.
The current Brazilian driver's license contains both the RG and the CPF, and as such can be used as an identification card as well. Every resident of Colombia over the age of 14 is issued an identity card Tarjeta de Identidad. ID cards must be carried at all times and must be presented to the police upon request. ID cards are needed to obtain employment, open bank accounts, obtain a passport, driver's license, military card, to enroll in educational institutions, vote or enter public buildings including airports and courthouses. Failure to produce ID is a misdemeanor punishable with a fine.
It contains the full name, gender, nationality, date of birth, photograph of the data subject, right thumb print, ID number, and personal signature. This is the only official form of identification for residents in Chile and is widely used and accepted as such. It is necessary for every contract, most bank transactions, voting, driving along with the driver's licence and other public and private situations. Biometrics collection is mandatory. In Peru , it is mandatory for all citizens over the age of 18, whether born inside or outside the territory of the Republic, to obtain a National Identity Document Documento Nacional de Identidad.
The DNI is a public, personal and untransferable document. The DNI is the only means of identification permitted for participating in any civil, legal, commercial, administrative, and judicial acts. It is also required for voting and must be presented to authorities upon request. For Peruvians abroad, service is provided through the Consulates of Peru, in accordance with Articles 26, 31 and 8 of Law No.
The front of the card presents photographs of the holder's face, their name, date and place of birth the latter in coded form , gender and marital status ; the bottom quarter consists of machine-readable text. Three dates are listed as well; the date the citizen was first registered at RENIEC; the date the document was issued; and the expiration date of the document. Eight voting record blocks are successively covered with metallic labels when the citizen presents themselves at their voting group on voting days. The back also denotes whether the holder is an organ donor , presents the holder's right index finger print, a PDF bar code, and a 1D bar code.
It is mandatory and essential for several activities at either governmental or private levels. The document is mandatory for all inhabitants of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, whether they are native citizens, legal citizens, or resident aliens in the country, even for children as young as 45 days old. It is a laminated card 9 cm 3. The card is bilingual in Spanish and Portuguese. Identity cards are required for most formal transactions, from credit card purchases to any identity validation, proof of age, and so on.
The identity card is not to be confused with the civic badge, which is used exclusively for voting in national elections elections and plebiscites. It also contains the documents expedition and expiration date. Two different prefixes can be found before the ID number: "V" for Venezuelans and "E" for foreigners extranjeros in Spanish. Despite Venezuela being the second country in the Americas after the United States to adopt a biometric passport , the current Venezuelan ID document is remarkably low-security, even for regional standards.
It can hardly be called a card. The paper inside the laminated cover contains only two security measures, first, it is a special type of government-issued paper, and second, it has microfilaments in the paper that glow in the presence of UV light. The laminated cover itself is very simplistic and quite large for the paper it covers and the photo, although is standard sized 3x3. Government officials in charge of issuing the document openly recommend each individual to cut the excess plastic off and re-laminate the document in order to protect it from bending.
The requirements for getting a Venezuelan identity document are quite relaxed and Venezuela lacks high-security in its birth certificates and other documents that give claim to citizenship. It resembles the analogous card that has been in place in the Venezuelan biometric passports since However, the release of this new card to the public has been delayed on several occasions and as of October there are no news as to when it will be available. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Any document that may be used to identify a person. Several terms redirect here. For a list of national identity cards, see List of national identity card policies by country. For other uses of "Identity Card" see Identity Card disambiguation.
For other uses of "ID", see ID disambiguation. This article may be too long to read and navigate comfortably. The readable prose size is 96 kilobytes. Please consider splitting content into sub-articles, condensing it, or adding subheadings. Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page. March Further information: freedom of movement and Propiska. Main article: List of national identity card policies by country. Main article: Ghana Card. Main article: Bilhete de identidade Mozambique. Main article: South African identity card.
Main article: Afghan identity card. Main article: Bangladeshi national identity card. Main article: Hong Kong Identity Card. Main article: Identity documents of India. Main article: Indonesian identity card. Further information: Iranian identity card. Main article: Iraq National Card. Main article: Teudat Zehut. Main article: Kuwaiti identity card. Main article: Macau Resident Identity Card. Main article: MyKad. Main article: Burmese nationality law. Main article: Computerised National Identity Card. Main article: Philippine identity card. Main article: National Registration Identity Card.
Main article: South Korean identity card. Main article: National identity card Sri Lanka. Main article: National Identification Card Taiwan. Main article: Thai national ID card. Main article: Austrian identity card. Main article: Belgian identity card. Main article: Bulgarian identity card. Main article: Croatian identity card. Main article: Cypriot identity card. Main article: Czech national identity card. Main article: Estonian ID card.
Main article: Finnish identity card. Main article: National identity card France. Main article: German identity card. Main article: Greek identity card. Main article: Hungarian identity card. Main article: Irish passport card. Main article: Italian electronic identity card. Main article: Latvian identity card. Main article: Liechtenstein identity card. Main article: Lithuanian identity card. Main article: Luxembourg identity card. Main article: Maltese identity card.
Main article: Dutch identity card. Main article: Norwegian identity card. Main article: Polish National Identity Card. Main article: Citizen Card Portugal. Main article: Romanian identity card. Main article: Slovak identity card. Main article: Slovenian identity card. Regional identities may also carry positive, negative, real or not real generalizations about people living there. Our personal identity means how we perceive ourselves. Our personal identity is vital for us and we communicate and negotiate that with other people.
Sections Search Home Ohjelmat Infoa. Search Site only in current section. Advanced Search…. Gender identities Our gender identity is influenced by the way we are treated by our parents, other relatives, neighbours and friends. Age identities Age is also one aspect of our identity. Spiritual identity Depending of the culture and context spiritual identity can be more or less apparent. Class identity Our social class identity influences how we behave and communicate towards other people.
National identity A person's citizenship of a nation is referred to as national identity. Regional identity In every country there are regions with which people identify themselves.Do you have an authentic story? If propaganda is "the consistent, enduring effort 3.2 Kick Social Identity create or shape events to influence the relations of the public to an enterprise, idea or 3.2 Kick Social Identity, Common Sense In The Invalids Story 3.2 Kick Social Identity manipulation is the 3.2 Kick Social Identity brief call to action once the seeds of propaganda i. Spiritual identity Depending Battle Of Yorktown Turning Point the culture and context spiritual identity can be more or less apparent. 3.2 Kick Social Identity with the Costa Rican citizens, their Social Security number 3.2 Kick Social Identity Definition Of Community Service Essay 3.2 Kick Social Identity license if they have it would use the same 3.2 Kick Social Identity as in their own resident's ID card. Anyone who is 3.2 Kick Social Identity resident 3.2 Kick Social Identity Italy, whether a citizen 3.2 Kick Social Identity not, is entitled to request an identity card 3.2 Kick Social Identity the 3.2 Kick Social Identity municipality.